Tracking of energy
For mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 it is important that the origin of clean energy can be tracked in a reliable way. This is in order to ensure that:
- Energy has been produced in accordance with our sustainability criteria.
- Renewable attributes aren’t subject to double counting.
Companies are placing increasing importance on sourcing green energy. Because of this, tracking systems are being developed for different types of renewable energy. mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 is closely following developments in the tracking of renewable electricity, renewable gas, and renewable heat.
Hereafter you find more information, as well as an overview of tracking systems that are accepted to prove the origin of mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放-labelled energy.
Tracking of electricity
Electricity cannot be tracked along the electricity grid. All the electricity produced, whether from clean energy or fossil fuel sources, is mixed when it is added to the grid. “Book and claim” systems (such as Guarantees of Origin and I-RECs) were developed to make it possible for consumers to claim a specific amount and type of renewable electricity as theirs. These are databases in which producers can register or “book” how much, when and how they have produced electricity. Consumers can “claim” the green electricity based on this information. Energy Attribute Certificates (EACs) are issued as a proof of renewable electricity purchase. Buying green power is not possible without proving its origin by these certificates.
Informing the consumer and avoiding double counting are the main objectives of tracking systems. Avoiding double counting is important to ensure that no other consumer claims to use the same green electricity as another.
Certificates generated from renewable resources have to be used (i.e. cancelled or redeemed) in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Scope 2 Guidance: “All contractual instruments used in the market-based method for Scope 2 accounting shall be issued and redeemed as close as possible to the period of energy consumption to which the instrument is applied” and “shall be sourced from the same market in which the reporting entity’s electricity-consuming operations are located.” (p.60). When you use mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放-ecolabelled electricity, these criteria are fulfilled.
Import and export of certificates
mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 only allows tracking certificates to be used within the same electricity market where the electricity has been produced. The mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 criteria specify that the consumer always has to be informed about the country of origin of the electricity they purchase.
mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放-labelled energy follows the Greenhouse Gas Protocol standard as well as the practices that CDP supports. In cases where tracking certificates aren’t available in certain countries, we believe that showing flexibility helps to give the right signals to the market and thus contributes to the development of reliable tracking.
Chapter 10.2 and 10.3 of the text mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 – Network and label set criteria for cases when mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放-labelled electricity originates from another country than the country of consumption.
Tracking of renewable gas
mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 is looking to work with reliable and independent tracking systems for gas that are open to all interested market players and exclude double counting.
Preferably there will be only one accepted tracking system per country or only one accepted tracking system per type of gas, i.e. biogas, power-to-gas, etc. Feel free to get in touch with us for further information.
If there is no tracking system in a given country, the mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 Board will evaluate the tracking solution suggested by the seller. The approval of such a system is temporary. Private tracking systems are automatically replaced by official systems as soon as these exist.
mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放 currently accepts:
- All existing biomethane registers in the EU.
- CertifHy’s Guarantee of Origin system for hydrogen.
For more information regarding the tracking of renewable gas, see Chapter 5 of mm131性感美女图片_一级毛片全部免费播放’s criteria for renewable gas.